For this topic, I chose the Islam culture. I previously lived in northern New Jersey, and I have met great friends who are Muslims who follow the Islam religion. Worldwide, there are about 1.8 billion followers of Islam, estimated back in 2015 (CNN Library, 2013). In the United States (U.S.) alone, last 2017, there was an estimated 3.45 million (CNN Library, 2013). They believe in extended family structure. Mental health illness is not well understood, but they are very spiritual and believe in prayer and religion, impacting mental health (Affab & Khandai, 2018). There is some stigma in mental health and sometimes think they have been possessed when they have a mental disorder (Affab & Khandai, 2018). Therefore, the idea of a Jinn, also known as the genie and the evil eye, is that they think it is a person’s responsibility to take care of themselves in terms of physical fitness and well-being (Affab & Khandai, 2018). They have sanctions for alcohol and substance use and value breastfeeding and personal hygiene (Affab & Khandai, 2018).
I chose this group because they are at high risk of Islamaphobia in society, which puts
their mental health and physical health at risk (Affab & Khandai, 2018). In 2016, a report showed that 60% of them experience hatred and discrimination (Affab & Khandai, 2018). Women are also a target of discrimination (Affab & Khandai, 2018). Around 1/3 of them do not receive appropriate care in the medical setting and they experience severe depression, anxiety, some psychosis and substance use (Affab & Khandai, 2018). Muslims being labeled as terrorists has been an issue in the U.S. and has led to violent instances such as assaults, mosque attacks, and other hate crimes (Clay, 2017). Back on September 11, 2015, 257 incidents happened, and in 2014, it was 154 (Clay, 2017). Male Muslims are mainly labeled as terrorists (Clay, 2017). The sad part is that those ages 11 up to 18 years old are in distress and are experiencing Islamaphobia (Clay, 2017). This group has been noted to be isolated, withdrawn, and depressed (Clay, 2017).